There is a lingering question, of why teeth are not considered bones, they are both made up of calcium, phosphorus and other minerals, but there is one major difference between them. Teeth unfortunately, cannot be healed or regenerated like bones can, which is why the use of porcelain crowns in Costa Rica, have become so common now a day.
Teeth are made up of different layers or parts:
The Crown: This is the part of the tooth that is visible above the gum line. It is the part of the tooth that is covered by the enamel and it is also known as the anatomical crown. It takes different shapes depending on where the tooth it is located, and in turn the shape determines the function of the tooth. As an example: Molars which are located at the back of the mouth have a somewhat flat surface ideal for grinding, while the front teeth are more chiseled which helps cut the food.
The Neck: This is where the tooth and the root meet, also known as the gum line, it requires proper hygiene to prevent plaque and tartar build-up which can damage the gum, causing gingivitis and other forms of gum disease which could eventually lead to tooth decay.
The Root: This is the part that lies beneath the gum line and is embedded in the bone. The root makes up about two thirds of the tooth and its main purpose is to hold it in place. Depending on the tooth the root formation may vary, as an example front teeth and canines will have a single root but molars may have one, two or even three root formations.
The Enamel: This is the outer shell that covers the crown. The Enamel is the hardest most mineralized tissue in the human body, it can withstand the stress of biting, grinding and chewing. Although it is hard, it tends to be brittle and it is prone to chipping and cracking. Once the enamel has been compromised, the body cannot regenerate it, this is where the dental crowns come in handy.
The Cementum: Much like the enamel, the cementum covers the root or roots of teeth, however, it is not as hard or white as the enamel.
Dentin: Dentin is similar to the bone structure in the rest of our body, it makes up most of the tooth and is located underneath the enamel in the crown or the cementum in the root. Contrary to popular belief, dentine is what determines the color of your teeth not the enamel. When tooth decay is able to pass through the enamel it starts attacking the dentin.
The Pulp: This is the soft tissue at the center of the tooth, this space contains the blood vessels, nerves and connective tissue that help keep the tooth alive. Once tooth decay has advanced to the pulp is when you start feeling pain, as the decay is now attacking connective tissue and the nerves.
Porcelain dental crowns in Costa Rica, are the preferred solution to restore a damaged tooth with a weakened structure. Dental structures can be damaged by a myriad of reasons, including, biting down on hard foods and cavities. To protect the dentine and pulp from being damaged after the enamel has been compromised, dentists will craft a porcelain crown that will be fitted on top of the existing tooth.
In Costa Rica, dental crowns are also used to cover dental implants so that they match your teeth flawlessly. These are single implants that have been fitted to fill a missing tooth or that will anchor a dental bridge.
Quality dental crowns can last up to 15 years with proper care., In Costa Rica, the Flikier Dental Institute offers tourists visiting the country the best quality porcelain crowns, the procedure is done by qualified professionals who utilize the latest dentistry technology, it is virtually painless and you can resume your daily activities right away. For additional information please contact us, we will be happy to answer all your questions.